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刘毅GRE字根字汇 Wordlist 28(单词带例句)

kira86 于2019-04-29发布 l 已有人浏览
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刘毅GRE字根字汇,GRE常考词汇,单词带例句、附同义词和反义词,中英字幕。
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panacea

n. remedy far all diseases 万灵药

北京pk拾The new drug developed by the laboratory is not a panacea for cancer, but it will help in many cases.

实验室所开发出来的新药,并不是癌症的万灵药,但它对许多病例会有帮助。

pandemonium

n. wild and noisy disorder 喧嚣;大混乱

When the teacher returned to her kindergarten classroom, it was complete pandemonium with children running around and yelling.

当老师回到幼儿园的教室时,那里是一片混乱,孩子们大声喊叫、跑来跑去。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:racket; tumult; chaos

panorama

n. wide and complete view 全景

北京pk拾Our hotel's rotating dining room offers a panorama of the city as you've never seen before.

北京pk拾本饭店中旋转式的餐厅,能让您看到您前所未见的市区全景。

* rotate

旋转

parallelism

n. state of being parallel; similarity 平行;类似

北京pk拾These two philosophers are always studied together because of the parallelism of their theories.

因为这两位哲学家的理论类似,所以人们总是一起研究他们。

paranoid

adj. suffering from delusions 患妄想症的

北京pk拾After important records were altered by a computer hacker, Nick grew paranoid that his company would become bankrupt.

在重要的记录被非法入侵电脑者更改之后,尼克变得有妄想症,认为他的公司会破产。

* hacker

非法入侵电脑者

paraphrase

北京pk拾v. to restate in different words 改写

北京pk拾Our teacher asked us to paraphrase Brutus' speech from Shakespeare's "Julius Caesar" in modem English.

老师要我们将莎士比亚的剧作厂凯撒大帝」中布鲁特斯的演说,用现代英文改写。

Synonym

同义词:transcribe

perfunctory

北京pk拾adj. done without care 敷衍的

北京pk拾The police did a perfunctory search of the office, knowing the suspect had escaped long ago.

警方草草地搜一搜办公室,知道嫌犯早已经逃走了。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:cursory; superficial

Antonym

反义词:attentive; assiduous; thorough

perpendicular

adj. at an angle of 90 degrees 垂直的

The perpendicular white cliffs of Dover are one of Britian's most spectacular sights.

北京pk拾多佛陡悄的白色悬崖是英国最壮观的景色之一。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:vertical; upright; precipitous

Antonym

反义词:horizontal

posterity

n. person's descendants; future generations (集合名词)后代

北京pk拾Herbert demanded that his grandmother? s handmade quilt not be sold so he could save it for posterity.

北京pk拾赫伯特要求不要将祖母亲手做的棉被卖掉,他要把它耳传给后代。

Synonym

同义词:offspring; progeny; issue

posthumous

adj. coming or happening after death 死后的

The author's posthumous novel sold quickly, as book collectors knew that his last work would one day be valuable.

那位作家死后出版的小说卖得很好,因为藏书家们知道,他的遗作将会很值钱。

Synonym

同义词:post-mortem

precocious

adj. ahead of time 早熟的

 

n. precocity

北京pk拾The child's precocious vocabulary startled his kindergarten teacher.

这个孩子早熟的字汇,使幼儿园老师大为吃惊。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:premature; forward

Antonym

反义词:retarded; backward

predilection

北京pk拾n. special liking 偏好

北京pk拾Sean's predilection for traveling to exotic, far-away places led to his decision to become a career tour guide.

北京pk拾西恩对于去遥远的异乡旅行的偏好,使他决定成为专业导游。

* exotic

异国风情的

Synonym

同义词:bias; partiality; preference; inclination

prodigal

adj. wasteful; spending too much 挥霍的

Marianna worried that Jeff's prodigal ways would lead to his ruin.

玛丽安娜担心杰夫的挥霍会导致他的毁灭。

Synonym

同义词:extravagant; spendthrift; profligate

Antonym

反义词:parsimonious; frugal; thrifty

profane

北京pk拾adj. showing contempt for God or holy things 亵渎的

 

v. profane

北京pk拾Ivan's highly religious grandmother considered his refusal to marry in the church as profane.

伊凡的祖母非常虔诚,她认为伊凡拒绝在教堂结婚,是一种亵渎的行为。

Synonym

同义词:sacrilegious; blasphemous

Antonym

反义词:reverent; religious

refraction

北京pk拾n. bending aside, as when a ray of light enters water or glass 折射

 

v. refract

Nora demonstrated refraction by placing a pencil in a glass full of water.

北京pk拾诺拉把一支铅笔放在装满水的玻璃杯中,来解释折射的现象。

rejuvenate

北京pk拾v. to make young again 使恢复青春

北京pk拾Many cosmetics companies advertise products that will rejuvenate the skin, although this is physically impossible.

许多化妆品公司刊登产品广告,表示能使皮肤恢复青春,但是就生理上而言, 这是不可能的。

* cosmetic

化妆品

relinquish

v. to give up 放弃

The mayor announced he would relinquish his office if he was found negligent in the restaurant fire.

北京pk拾市长宣布,如果査出他在这次餐厅大火的意外中有疏失的话,他就下台。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:abandon; renounce; forgo

subservient

adj. 1. assistant 辅助的 2. giving too much respect to 卑屈的

Upper management required our department^ subservient compliance to their demands, no matter how ridiculous.

北京pk拾上级主管要我们部门卑屈地顺从他们的要求,无论要求是多么荒谬。

北京pk拾* compliance

顺从

Synonym

同义词:1 .auxiliary; instrumental 2. servile

Antonym

反义词:2. domineering

subversive

adj. tending to overthrow or destroy 颠覆的

The state deemed his political ideas as subversive and imprisoned him in a hard labor camp for twenty-five years.

政府认为他的政治思想有颠覆的倾向,于是将他关入劳改营达二十五年。

Synonym

同义词:perversive; incendiary; riotous

supercilious

adj. thinking others of little importance; arrogant 目中无人的;自大的

The son of a rich and important businessman, Thurston took on a supercilious air towards the other students.

身为一位富有且举足轻重的商人之子,瑟斯顿以目中无人的态度对待其他同学。

Synonym

同义词:vainglorious; haughty; insolent

Antonym

反义词:meek; unassuming; humble

superimpose

 

 

v. to put one thing on top of something else 置于他物之上;添加

In the movie, "Forrest Gump," computers were used to superimpose the actor's image onto films of dead presidents.

在电影「阿甘正传」里,他们用电脑将演员的影像加入已故总统的影片中。

syllogism

 

 

n. reaching a conclusion from two statements 三段论法

北京pk拾A famous example of a syllogism is, "Socrates is a man. All men are mortal. Therefore, Socrates is mortal."

三段论法最著名的例子是:「苏格拉底是人,所有人都会死,所以苏格拉底也会死。」

synthesis

n. combination of separate parts 综合;合成

This performance is the synthesis of two different styles of dance, creating a whole new type of dance.

北京pk拾这场表演是综合两种不同风格的舞蹈,创造出一种全新的舞蹈。

Synonym

同义词:amalgamation; blend

transfuse

v. to pour from one container to another 移注;灌输

The toxic liquid was transfused to air-tight containers and then buried.

毒液被注人密闭的容器中,然后掩埋起来。

transparent

北京pk拾adj. able to be seen through 透明的

The petals of the flower were so delicate that they were almost transparent.

北京pk拾那朵花的花瓣非常纤细,几乎是透明的。

Synonym

北京pk拾同义词:diaphanous; transpicuous; crystalline

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